Colorado Springs

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4th Infantry Division Museum
(CO 115 & Nelson Blvd, Bldg 6012B, Fort Carson, CO 80913)
American Numismatic Association Money Museum
(818 N Cascade Ave., Colorado Springs, CO 80903)
Cheyenne Mountain Heritage Center
(1118 West Cheyenne Road, Colorado Springs, CO 80906)
Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center Museum
(30 W. Dale St., Colorado Springs, CO 80903)
Colorado Springs Pioneers Museum
(215 S Tejon St., Colorado Springs, CO 80903)
Dr. Lester Williams Fire Museum
(375 Printers Parkway, Colorado Springs, CO 80910)
Dragon Man's Military Museum
(1200 Dragon Man Dr., Colorado Springs, CO 80929)
Focus On The Family
(8685 Explorer Dr., Colorado Springs, CO 80920)
Garden of the Gods Visitor and Nature Center
(1805 N. 30th St., Colorado Springs, CO 80904)
Ghost Town Museum
(400 S. 21st St., Colorado Springs, CO 80904)
Lucretia Vaile Museum
(66 S Valley Rd., Palmer Lake, CO 80133)
Manitou Cliff Dwellings
(10 Cliff Rd., Manitou Springs, CO 80829)
Manitou Springs Heritage Center
(517 Manitou Ave., Manitou Springs,CO 80829)
May Natural History Museum
(710 Rock Creek Canyon Road, Colorado Springs, CO 80926)
McAllister House Museum
(423 N. Cascade Ave., Colorado Springs, CO 80903)
Michael Garman Museum and Gallery
(2418 W. Colorado Ave., Colorado Springs,CO 80904)
Miramont Castle
(9 Capitol Hill Avenue, Manitou Springs, CO 80829)
National Museum of World War II Aviation
(755 Aviation Way, Colorado Springs, CO 80916)
Old Colorado City History Center
(1 South 24th St., Colorado Springs, CO 80904)
Penrose Heritage Museum
(11 Lake Circle, Colorado Springs, CO 80906)
Peterson Air and Space Museum
(150 Ent Ave., Colorado Springs, CO 80914)
Pikes Peak Children's Museum
(4425 Arrowswest Drive, Colorado Springs, CO 80907)
Pikes Peak Historical Street Railway Foundation
(2333 Steel Drive, Colorado Springs, CO 80907)
Pikes Peak Radio & Electronics Museum
(6735 Earl Drive, Colorado Springs, CO 80918)
ProRodeo Hall of Fame
(101 Pro Rodeo Dr., Colorado Springs, CO 80919)
Rock Ledge Ranch
(3105 Gateway Road,Colorado Springs, CO 80804)
Rocky Mountain Motorcycle Museum
(5865 N. Nevada Ave., Colorado Springs, CO 80918)
Space Foundation Discovery Center
(4425 Arrowswest Drive, Colorado Springs, CO 80907)
U.S. Olympic Museum
(6 S Tejon St, Colorado Springs, CO 80903, United States)
Western Museum of Mining & Industry
(225 N. Gate Blvd., Colorado Springs, CO 80921)
World Figure Skating Museum and Hall of Fame
(20 First Street, Colorado Springs,CO 80906)

About Colorado Springs

The Pikes Peak Region’s first known people were prehistoric cultures of the Plano 8200-5300 B.C., Folson 9000-7500 B.C. and Clovis 9000-1100 B.C. These nomadic hunters traveled the region in search of ancient bison, mammoth and smaller game. They left many artifacts of their existence.

The earliest documented inhabitants were the Utes. Today, historic Ute bands are organized as the

Studio portrait of Native American Ute women and children.

Studio portrait of Native American Ute women and children.

Northern Ute Tribe, Southern Ute Tribe and Mountain Ute Tribe. Early tribes of the Eastern Plains included Arapahoe, Apache, Comanche, Kiowa and Cheyenne. Ute, Arapahoe and Cheyenne occupied the future area of Colorado Springs.

Spanish explorers from Santa Fe began exploring Colorado in the 1600s. French traders and explorers began infiltrating the region in the late 1600s. The Spanish and French co-existed in the territory until 1762 when France ceded Louisiana to the Spanish. During the French Revolution, Napoleon Bonaparte reclaimed the Louisiana territory for France. In 1803, the United States consummated the Louisiana Purchase from France for $15 million. The acquisition included Eastern Colorado and the Colorado Springs area.

Photomontage of Pikes Peak including a portrait of Zebulon Pike

Photomontage of Pikes Peak including a portrait of Zebulon Pike

On July 15, 1806, Zebulon Pike embarked on a expedition to find the headwaters of the Arkansas River. He and his men were captured by the Spanish and later released. In November 1806, Pike saw “Tava,” the Ute name given to Pikes Peak. The mountain was first named “James Peak” for Edwin James who reached the summit in 1820. While Zebulon Pike never reached the top of Pikes Peak, it was named in his honor by the United States Board on Geographic Names in 1890.

During a visit to Pikes Peak, Katherine Lee Bates was overwhelmed with the beautiful view from the top. She wrote the lyrics for the song “America the Beautiful” – and Pikes Peak became known as “America’s Mountain.”

In 1859, Colorado City became the first settlement in the region. It was a supply center, Territorial Capital and El Paso County seat. Old Colorado City was annexed by Colorado Springs in 1917.

Ex-union General William Jackson Palmer was born in Delaware and raised in Pennsylvania. He first visited the Pikes Peak region in 1869. In 1870, he founded the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad. Palmer dreamed of creating a grand estate, a sophisticated city nicknamed “Little London” in honor of English tourist. A year later, in 1871, he founded Colorado Springs. By the late 1800s, Colorado Springs had become one of the most visited cities in the country.

Two more important figures were Spencer Penrose and Winfield Scott Stratton. They provided land and funding for parks, buildings, and non-profit organizations.

Penrose financed construction of The Broadmoor resort (1918), Pikes Peak Highway, Cheyenne Mountain Zoo (1921) and Will Rogers Shrine of the Sun (1937). Spencer and his wife Julie are interned in the Will Roger Shrine. The El Pomar Foundation continues the legacy of Spencer and Julie.

Colorado Springs is home to Fort Carson, NORAD, Peterson AFB, U.S. Air Force Academy, U.S. Olympic Training Center and Schriever AFB. The Springs is home to ten (10) Colleges.

Colorado Springs Panorama, 1913

Colorado Springs Panorama, 1913

Colorado Spring’s Museums

Colorado Springs has twenty eight (28) museums. There is no shortage of special interest and history of the Pikes Peak Region.

Colorado Springs Vintage Photos

$5.00 National Currency issued by The First National Bank of Colorado Springs, Back 1914.

Enjoy our selection of Books about Colorado Springs & the Pikes Peak Region!

 

Colorado Experience: Garden of the Gods



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